Wednesday, May 18, 2022

How To Tell If You Have Mold In Basement

Common Causes Of Mold In The Basement

How Do I Know If I Have Mold?

As mentioned above, the main cause of mold in the basement is excess moisture, which is not a rare situation in a basement. Whether that moisture comes from the outside or from the inside, it is very important to get to the root of the problem in order to deal with it and prevent any further complications .

So, where does the moisture, or water in a basement come from? Lets dig deeper.

There are two main sources of water in basements:

  • An outside moisture source rain, groundwater, floods.
  • An inside moisture source a high level of humidity and different activities such as drying clothes.
  • Basements are below grade spaces in your home, which means that they are prone to water seeping in from the foundation walls, and window wells. Since these are the lowest parts of the home, gravity dictates that if water is present, it will flow towards the lowest area to settle.

    Two frequent causes of water in basements are rain and floods. Without proper grading, gutters and downspouts, rain often flows into the basement creating excess moisture for mold to thrive in. Flooding caused by heavy rains or rivers, provides the right environment for mold growth.

    When it comes to sources of moisture inside, we can talk about various causes, from ineffective insulation to excess steam that evaporates and raises the level of humidity . A high level of humidity and condensation creates the perfect conditions for both mold and mildew to spread in your basement.

    Did you know?

    Tips For Preventing Mold In Basement

    Many basements are the darkest, dampest rooms of the house. Eliminating moisture isnt always as simple as fixing a dripping faucet or a faulty dryer vent.

    Our tips should help prevent a repeat incident:

    • Clear up: If you know your basement is always damp, try to limit items with porous surfaces that can retain moisture, such as thick carpets and unsealed wood furniture and flooring . Throw out old paper and dont leave dirty dishes or leftovers in the basement. Removing clutter will also allow you to spot mold growth more easily.
    • Frequent checks: Keep an eye on the area where the mold grew and your basement in general. If you notice wet patches or leaks, clean them up and address the cause as soon as possible.
    • Clean: Set a plan to clean your basement thoroughly as you do with the rest of the house. Pay special attention to the formerly moldy areas. You can use a preventative spray as an extra security measure.
    • Ventilate: Install an exhaust fan or open windows periodically to let fresh air circulate throughout your basement.
    • Insulate: Insulate as many pipes and hoses as you can to stop leaks. Moisture is the companion of mold.
    • Install a dehumidifier: A dehumidifier removes moisture from the air. It can maintain the environment in your basement dryer to discourage mold spores from taking hold.

    Here Are Some Ways To Determine If There Is A Mold Infestation In Your Basement:

  • Check the floors and walls of the basement. Black mold appears in streaks or patches. It appears slimy and colored black or green or sometimes white with orange spots. Look for stains with yellowish tint, which is an indication that you have a mold problem. Check underneath sinks and around pipes as well.
  • Determine if there are musty or mildewy smells every time you go into the basement. You might also notice this smell in your house. Be alert if you smell these odors when you turn on the heating or air-conditioning units. There is a small possibility that mold has infested the systems. However, that rarely happens.
  • Look closely at organic surfaces in the basement such as evidence of water entry. Most probably, mold has grown on moist surfaces in the basement. Floor stains or remains of cardboard boxes that were wet and removed are important clues.
  • Check out the backside of the basement stairs, most particularly those in the lower risers or treads. You will probably find mold growing in these areas.
  • Make sure to inspect furniture and other materials stored in the basement. Check out underside of game tables or furniture.
  • Check the insulation for mold and inspect further for dry wall mold. There is a great possibility that the cavities of a roof leak could cause mold growth on the hidden drywall surfaces.
  • Check the shelves and closets in the basement for mold presence, especially if you keep partially dry clothes in the basement.
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    Water In The Foundation

    Look out for a build-up of water around your homes base. This can lead to foundational problems for your home if there is a lot of water. At your homes foundation, gathering rainwater can be prevented by sloping your yard outwards from your foundation. In the same line of thought, damp basements are another culprit. Usually, there is no good ventilation in basements. This is an indication that basements could contain higher humidity or moisture amounts compared to other rooms in the home. Also, basements are often colder which means more condensation occurs which leads to humidity and basement.

    Thoroughly Inspect The Basements Ductwork

    How to Know if Mold Is in Your Walls

    If you dont have any roof leakage but have mold growing on your ceilings, your ductwork might be the issue. Poorly insulated ductwork can lead to mold formation, especially under ducts or registers.

    Warm and moist air condenses inside the ducts, forming water. These then carry cold air through the attic and crawl space, leading to condensation. Its a sign that your ducts may be uninsulated or have a missing vapor barrier.

    Nevertheless, the water inside these ducts will saturate the insulation and drywall. And this is where mold spores take root. From here, mold will continue to spread, even if your ducts have a reliable filter in place.

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    Diy Tips For Preventing Mold In The Basement

    The experts at Mold Busters love to share what theyve learned over their years preventing, inspecting for and removing mold. The following are some trusty tips that will help you prevent mold in your basement:

  • Never allow water to accumulate near the basement. Make sure that the ground outside your home slopes away.
  • Avoid having carpets in your basement.
  • Keep condensation in your basement to a minimum. To do this, wrap cold surfaces like basement pipes with insulation. To make windows air tight, use a sealant around them. You can also increase the temperature in your basement.
  • Humidity, which is the main cause of mold growth, should be kept as low as possible in your basementpreferably, below 60 per cent. Use a hygrometer to take regular measurements of the relative humidity in your basement. Installing a dehumidifier is also a good idea. Control dampness by promoting air circulation in your basement. This can be done by keeping the basement windows open or by opening the doors leading to the basement.
  • Running a fan for one to two hours daily in the basement is also helpful. This promotes air circulation, replacing humid air with fresh air. Installing an exhaust fan in your basement is also a good idea. For ventilation purposes, Mold Busters recommends the E-Z Breathe ventilation system, the latest technology that has revolutionized the ventilation industry.
  • To avoid wet floors and standing water in your basement, install a sump pump and a perimeter drain.
  • Mold Armor Fg500 Do It Yourself Mold Test Kit

    The Mold Armor kit includes a test swab, petri dish, and a bottle of mold growth medium. You can use this single kit in one of three waysto test the air for mold spores, to test air quality in your HVAC duct, or to test for surface mold.

    To use the kit, pour the growth medium in the petri dish, replace the lid, and allow it to gel for one hour. Then, either allow it to remain open to the atmosphere for an air quality test, tape it to your air duct for a HVAC test, or use the swab to remove a sample from a surface and apply it to the growth medium for a surface test.

    If after 48-96 hours mold begins to grow in your dish, you may choose to send it to a lab for analysis. With a price tag of under $10, this mold test kit is affordable. But the lab fee is an additional $40.

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    Checking For Visible Mold

  • 1Look for telltale characteristics. Mold often has a fuzzy appearance but can also look like a stain if it’s growing on a wall or furniture. Its most common colors are black green, brown, or white. Mold can feel like cotton, leather, velvet, or sand paper. It usually gives off a musty or earthy odor. Also look for visible signs of possible water damage such as stains or paint bubbling. This could mean there is mold growth within the wall cavity.
  • 2Check the basement. This should be the first place you look. Its underground location makes it especially vulnerable to moisture and humidity buildup. After each heavy rain, look for and immediately treat any water seepage.XTrustworthy SourceCenters for Disease Control and PreventionMain public health institute for the US, run by the Dept. of Health and Human ServicesGo to source Check the following spots:
  • Baseboards
  • Signs Your Home Has Mold

    How do I know if I have mold?

    ByJessica Stone, Andy Hartuppublished 14 July 20

    Worried your house or apartment has mold? Here are the telltale signs you may have a damp or fungus problem.

    Does your home have mold? If you own your house or apartment, mold can be an expensive issue to fix, and a persistent problem. And it isn’t just the cost either – many forms of mold are extremely bad for your health, if ingested over a period of time, so you need to get it sorted. If you’re in any doubt about whether you have mold, what type you have, or where it is concentrated, you should pick from any of the best mold test kits and check it out for yourself. They’re all inexpensive, and can help you start to fix the problem.

    However, you need to know the early-warning signs in order to start your investigation. Mold can often grow in places you rarely inspect, and can even spread behind stud walls, chimneys, or large items of furniture like wardrobes. One of the most common places for mold to grow is in your HVAC unit, which will then spread it through your home. Many test kits will sample from your air con unit, but some won’t. In some instances you may even need to change the heating and cooling system in your home, if mold gets bad, so if this is the case you should consult our guide to the best central air conditioning units.

    Hopefully, though, you’ll spot one of the signs your home has mold early, and get it fixed before it spreads.

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    How To Test For Black Mold

    Do you keep getting a whiff of something musty in your bathroom or basement? Afraid it might be mold? Learn about three of the most popular kits to test for mold at home.

    Its no secret that damp areas of the home provide the perfect conditions for mold and mildew to grow. Whether your nose knows, or your eyes spy dark spots in strategic locations, you want to make sure.

    Mold doesnt just eat away at your wood, wallpaper, or grout. Its spores get airborne and cause all kinds of health problems. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says enough evidence exists to link mold to upper respiratory tract symptoms like itchy eyes and runny nose to cough and wheeze in otherwise healthy people.

    Removal Of Damaged Materials

    If you have concerning stains on base of walls and wood base moldings look bad, you need to dig a little deeper. With a utility knife score the top of the base molding that is attached and caulked to the dry wall so it will allow for its removal. Score it from its beginning to its seam where it attaches to another molding. Once one have done this use a pry bar and remove the base from the wall and check the backside for more suspicious spots or black growth. Investigate the dry wall the molding was covering as well for signs of colored growth. If this reveals more suspicious stains, streaks or even films than you have found mold in your finished basement.

    For warped laminate flooring it is wise to lift a small section to evaluate the concrete subfloor for moisture or slimy films. The same goes with carpet and/or pad which should be disengaged from a corner and pulled back several feet. If the pine tackles strip is black and the tacks are all rusted than you are finding mold in a finished basement.

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    Common Causes Of Mold

    Mold flourishes in damp conditions, so most causes of mold growth involve unwanted water getting into the house. Some of the most common situations include:

    • Leaky pipes or air-conditioning ducts
    • Wet clothes
    • Heavy rain or flooding
    • Excess condensation on cold metallic, glass, or concrete surfaces.

    Water can also pool up around sinks, bathtubs, dishwashers, or washing machines, so be wary and clean any water up right away. Some problems to look out for outdoors include a yard that slopes toward the foundation of the house, leaky shingles on the roof, and improper caulking on windows.

    A Known Moisture Source

    Mold  FAQ  Metropolitan Tenants Organization

    If your house recently flooded, your roof recently developed a leak or you know you have a source of water ingress into your home, then you know you have a potential for a future mold problem. Even if you arent sure what the source of moisture is, once you discover that you have moisture, you should take this as a warning sign of a future potential mold problem. Identifying and fixing the moisture source is key to preventing or stopping the growth of mold in your home.

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    Tips On How To Remove Mold From Home

    The first step is to locate and confirm the presence of mold. In addition to looking for the obvious discoloration spots, you can have your home tested for mold. According to homeadvisor.com, the average cost to test for mold is $834. However there are home mold-testing kits available for $10 to $50.

    It is quite important that you remove the mold the moment you discover it, because the spores can affect the quality of air in your home. It is always advisable to hire a professional to remove the mold, but if you do it yourself, use an OSHA approved respirator, gloves, disposable coveralls, non-vented goggles. Listed below are a few tips on how you can remove mold from your house:

    Remove moldy materials

    If not properly disposed of, moldy materials may stir up spores, which can spread into your house. Because of their microscopic size, a square foot of wall can have over 3,000 million mold spores. You have to use the appropriate equipment and follow the safety procedures so as to protect yourself from the spores.

    Excessive levels of contamination may require that you discard absorbent materials such as carpets, wall paper etc. To avoid airspore becoming airborne, professionals seal off the affected area with tape, and use plastic sheets to seal doorways and vents. They also use air movers, dehumidifiers and HEPA air scrubbers to eliminate moisture and dry out the air and surfaces.

    Heating, Insulation and Ventilation

    Find and fix interior plumbing leaks

    Check the ductwork

    How To Test A Basement For Mold

    Mold growing anywhere in your home is detrimental to your health. Black mold is considered toxic and can cause fatal breathing problems among the elderly. Home mold testing used to be a task only a professional could complete, but recent advancements in technology now allow for collection of the samples by homeowners. Many home improvement stores offer home test kits for mold. The actual testing must still be done in a lab, but the kits include a prepaid mailing envelope for you to send the samples to the lab once you have collected them.

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    Read all manufacturers instructions on the mold test kit. Heed any warnings and specifications for handling the test kit containers.

    2

    Look for warning signs such as a pungent smell. Mold has a distinctive, unpleasant odor that isnt easily covered up with deodorizing or scented sprays. Other signs to watch for are headaches or sinus congestion that clears up once you leave the basement.

    3

    Do a visual inspection of the basement, paying special attention to the ceiling underneath a kitchen or bathroom, areas around pipes or behind heaters where moisture is most likely to occur. Look for noticeable mold growth, signs of excessive moisture and water damage. If you suspect there is mold behind these areas that cannot be seen on the surface, then mark off these areas with masking tape for collection of samples for your test kit.

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    References

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    When Should You Consider A Mold Inspection

    If you notice a musty smell in your home but cant find any visual evidence and you or a member of your family has persistent symptoms, you need to hire someone to inspect your home for mold. Or if you need help locating the source of the water thats causing the mold. If you are buying or selling your home you need to have a mold inspection and if you need a formal plan to remove the mold and repair the damage.

    Where Does Mold Come From

    A FREE DIY Mold test to confirm a Moldy Basement

    Mold spores can get into your home through open doorways, windows, air conditioning and heating systems and any other open spaces that lead into your home. It is also possible for spores to attach themselves to clothing, shoes and pets.

    Once these spores settle into a space where there is extensive moisture, such as in a leaky basement, they will grow and they will grow very quickly.

    Wet materials including paper, cardboard, ceiling tiles, wood and various other products encourage many different types of mold to grow. Other materials such as paint, wallpaper, drywall, carpet, insulation and upholstery also easily support mold growth if there is moisture and humidity in the area.

    Some of the most common indoor molds include:

    • Penicillium

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